Animal First Aid and Safety Tips 18 Oct 12

This week on News at Noon with Chris and Josh Mike “Cold Front” Kurre from the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources shared with us animal first aid and safety tips to use this fall in the deer stand. Hear Cold Front’s comments live every Thursday on 1350 AM KCHK, 95.5 FM KRDS and online at

Animal First Aid

  • Most first aid for dogs is similar to human first aid, and if you’ve taken a first aid course, use your common sense to apply the lesson to the dog’s problem.
  • Just stabilize your dog and get him to the vet as quickly as possible.
  • Be careful, and be gentle. Try to avoid touching the injured area. You might get bitten, but sometimes that’s the price you’re going to have to pay to get your dog into the car so you can get him to the vet.
  • Try to keep your voice calm and keep the animal from getting excited.
  • Porcupine quills -

o   Nothing is quite as pitiful as a dog with a snout full of porcupine quills. Untreated porcupine quill attacks can cause pain, infection, and possibly death.

o   There’s no easy way to remove the quills, but your best bet is to use a pair of hemostats to grab each quill securely and pull them out one at a time. Hemostats are plier-like tools that surgeons use to clamp off blood vessels during surgery.

  • Skunk

o   Mix up 1 quart 3% hydrogen peroxide, 1/4 cup baking soda, and 1-2 teaspoons liquid dish soap.  Wash the dog, let it stay on the dog for 5 minutes, then rinse it off.

  • Ears

o   Yeast infections and mites can be a real pain in the ……..ear. Constant care is needed because of the shape and hair surrounding the ear.

o   Twice a week or as needed….use cleaning solution recommended by your vet and gentle clean the interior of the ear (do not use a Q-Tip….if the dog were to react to you using it; real problems with punctured ear drum could occur). But for sure, make sure ear cannel is dry. Moisture and wax are perfect breeding grounds for infections and mites.


Deer safety: Tips for avoiding an accident

You’re driving home from work when you sense movement in the ditch next to the highway; you pump your brakes in time to avoid the two eyes now flashing in the darkness that have moved onto the roadway. You sigh in relief as the deer scampers off into the darkness.

The Minnesota Department of Transportation reports Minnesota averages about 35,000 deer-car collisions a year, and three to 11 fatalities.

So, what can you do to stay safe when Minnesota’s deer season gets underway Nov. 3? Read on to learn some of trends and statistics, as well as a few tips for making your drive through deer country as safe as possible.


Dawn and dusk are the times you are most likely to encounter deer along the roadside.

Deer-breeding season runs from October through early January, and during this time, they are highly active and on the move. This is when deer-vehicle collisions are at their peak.

Although deer may wander into neighborhoods, they are more frequently found on the outskirts of town and in heavily wooded areas.

As pack animals, deer almost never travel alone. If you see one deer, you can bet there are others nearby.


If you are driving through an area known for high deer populations, slow down and observe the speed limit. The more conservative you are with your speed, the more time you will have to brake if an animal darts into your path.

Always wear a seatbelt. The most severe injuries in deer-vehicle collisions usually result from failure to use a seatbelt.

Watch for the shine of eyes alongside roads and immediately begin to slow down.

Use your high beams whenever the road is free of oncoming traffic. This will increase your visibility and give you more time to react.

Deer can become mesmerized by steady, bright lights, so if you see one frozen on the road, slow down and flash your lights. NHTSA and other experts recommend one long blast of the horn to scare them out of the road as well.

Pay close attention to caution signs indicating deer or other large animals. These signs are specifically placed in high-traffic areas, where deer sightings are frequent.

If you’re on a multi-lane road, drive in the center lane to give as much space to grazing deer as possible.


Never swerve to avoid a deer in the road. Swerving can confuse the deer on where to run. Swerving also can cause a head-on collision with oncoming vehicles, take you off the roadway into a tree or a ditch and greatly increase the chances of serious injuries.

Deer are unpredictable creatures, and one that is calmly standing by the side of the road may suddenly leap into the roadway without warning. Slowing down when you spot a deer is the best way to avoid a collision, however, if one does move into your path, maintain control and do your best to brake and give the deer time to get out of your way.

Don’t rely on hood whistles or other devices designed to scare off deer. These have not been proven to work.

If you do collide with a deer or large animal, call emergency services if injuries are involved or local police if damage has been caused to your property or someone else’s. Never touch an animal in the roadway.

Knowing what to do when you encounter a large animal on or near the roadway can be a life saver. Keeping calm and driving smart improve your chances of avoiding a collision and staying safe.


New penalties for deer baiting

Participants in Minnesota’s firearm deer season will be greeted with new penalties for baiting violations when they go afield Nov. 3.

“It seems that every year our officers are spending more and more time responding to complaints about baiting or discovering it while on patrol,” said Lt. Col. Rodmen Smith, Minnesota DNR Enforcement Division assistant director. “We hope these new penalties curb what has become an all too common violation.”

Deer baiting is placing food near deer stands or clearings with the intent of luring a deer into close shooting range. It has been illegal to bait deer in Minnesota since 1991.

DNR conservation officers issued 144 citations, gave 24 warnings and seized 134 firearms/bows in baiting related investigations during the 2011 bow, firearms and muzzleloader seasons. It’s the highest number of baiting citations issued during the deer hunting seasons since the DNR began tracking these violations in 1991.

The Minnesota Legislature recognized the negative impact of baiting deer and recently passed legislation to increase the penalties for those convicted of baiting deer.

“It was apparent that a fine and forfeiture of a firearm or bow was not enough to curtail the activity,” said Smith. “In order to show the seriousness of the offense hunters will be subject to license revocation when convicted of baiting deer.”

The new penalties for baiting:

A person may not obtain any deer license or take deer under a lifetime license for one year after the person is convicted of hunting deer with the aid or use of bait. The DNR’s Electronic Licensing System (ELS) will also block a person’s ability to purchase a license. A second conviction within three years would result in a three-year revocation.

The revocation period doubles if the conviction is for a deer that is a trophy deer scoring higher than 170 inches.

The fine for illegal baiting is $300, plus $80 or so in court costs. Another $500 can be tagged on for restitution if a deer is seized. Guns may be confiscated as well.

Smith said he is hopeful the new penalties, in addition to fines, restitution and confiscation of guns sends a message that Minnesota values it natural resources and there is a price for engaging in this illegal activity.